Evaluation of Reciprocal Cross Design on Detection and Characterization of Non-Mendelian QTL in [F.Sub.2] Outbred Populations: I. Parent-Of-Origin Effect (Quantitative Trait Loci) (Report) - Asian - Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences

Evaluation of Reciprocal Cross Design on Detection and Characterization of Non-Mendelian QTL in [F.Sub.2] Outbred Populations: I. Parent-Of-Origin Effect (Quantitative Trait Loci) (Report)

By Asian - Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences

  • Release Date - Published: 2007-12-01
  • Book Genre: Industries & Professions
  • Author: Asian - Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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Evaluation of Reciprocal Cross Design on Detection and Characterization of Non-Mendelian QTL in [F.Sub.2] Outbred Populations: I. Parent-Of-Origin Effect (Quantitative Trait Loci) (Report) Asian - Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences read online review & book description:

ABSTRACT : A simulation study was conducted to evaluate the effect of reciprocal cross on the detection and characterization of parent-of-origin (POE) QTL in [F.sub.2] QTL populations. Data were simulated under two different mating designs. In the one-way cross design, six [F.sub.0] grand sires of one breed and 30 [F.sub.0] grand dams of another breed generated 10 [F.sub.1] offspring per dam. Sixteen [F.sub.1] sires and 64 [F.sub.1] dams were randomly chosen to produce a total of 640 [F.sub.2] offspring. In the reciprocal design, three [F.sub.0] grand sires of A breed and 15 [F.sub.0] grand dams of B breed were mated to generate 10 [F.sub.1] offspring per dam. Eight [F.sub.1] sires and 32 [F.sub.1] dams were randomly chosen to produce 10 [F.sub.2] offspring per [F.sub.1] dam, totaling 320 [F.sub.2] offspring. Another mating set comprised three [F.sub.0] grand sires of B breed and 15 [F.sub.0] grand dams of A breed to produce the same number of [F.sub.1] and [F.sub.2] offspring. A chromosome of 100 cM was simulated with large, medium or small QTL with fixed or different allele frequencies in parental breeds. A series of tests between Mendelian and POE models were applied to characterize QTL as Mendelian, paternal, maternal or partial expression QTL. The overall detection powers were similar between the two mating designs. However, the proportions of paternally expressed QTL that were declared as paternal QTL type were greater in the reciprocal cross design than in the one-way cross, and vice versa for Mendelian QTL. When QTL alleles were segregating in parental breeds, a significant proportion of Mendelian QTL were spuriously declared POE QTL, suggesting that care must be taken to characterize imprinting QTL in a QTL mapping population with a small number of [F.sub.1] parents. (Key Words: Quantitative Trait Loci, Swine, Detection Power, Imprinting, Simulation) INTRODUCTION

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Evaluation of Reciprocal Cross Design on Detection and Characterization of Non-Mendelian QTL in [F.Sub.2] Outbred Populations: I. Parent-Of-Origin Effect (Quantitative Trait Loci) (Report) book review Evaluation of Reciprocal Cross Design on Detection and Characterization of Non-Mendelian QTL in [F.Sub.2] Outbred Populations: I. Parent-Of-Origin Effect (Quantitative Trait Loci) (Report) ePUB; Asian - Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences; Industries & Professions books.

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