Subsidios de Educacion: Impacto en la Migracion y Convergencia Regional. - Cuadernos de Economia: Latin American journal of economics

Subsidios de Educacion: Impacto en la Migracion y Convergencia Regional.

By Cuadernos de Economia: Latin American journal of economics

  • Release Date - Published: 2005-11-01
  • Book Genre: Finance
  • Author: Cuadernos de Economia: Latin American journal of economics
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Subsidios de Educacion: Impacto en la Migracion y Convergencia Regional. Cuadernos de Economia: Latin American journal of economics read online review & book description:

Los movimientos migratorios en Chile durante las ultimas decadas han sido pequenos y las regiones de Chile estan lejos de lograr igualar su producto per capita. Esta situacion le daria persistencia a la inequidad regional y a la concentracion de personas que habitan la capital. Se calcula que solo en 52 anos se cerraria la mitad de la brecha entre region pobre y rica; en consecuencia, la velocidad de convergencia es notablemente lenta. ?Que es lo que genera esta aparente inmovilidad? Una posible explicacion explorada en este trabajo son los subsidios a la educacion, los que sin ser incorrectos presentarian un efecto ancla. La asignacion de recursos fiscales, dirigidos al establecimiento educacional, al correlacionarse con mas apoyo para el alumno y con mejores resultados en cuanto a la calidad de la educacion, tiende a inmovilizar a la familia que esta decidiendo migrar. During the last couple of decades, migratory movements in Chile have been minimal. Regions are far from achieving equality in per capita income, and migration has not been an equalizing force. Hence, there is marked persistence in regional inequity. This paper attempts to explain this lack of convergence. The main hypothesis is that there are some public policies that have an inhibiting effect over migration. In particular, the educational subsidies would act as an anchoring element. Using an enlarged version of the Harris and Todaro Model (1970) we conclude that in effect the "in school" food subsidy given by the Ministry of Education (for over 40 years) a powerful deterrent of migration between regions in Chile.

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