INTRODUCTION Background and significance of the study: In a globalization trend, the world changes every single day, especially in regards to the environment, social functions and cultural aspects. These changes could impact the stress level of people and stimulate their adaptation. Stress is an adaptive phenomenon of human beings which, to the higher degree, contributes to their survival, to an adequate output in their activities and to an effective performance in many phases of life (Pades Jimenez and Homar Amengual, 2006). According to psychoanalytic theory, individual adaptation is the emotional adaptive process and ego defense mechanisms of human beings for dealing with stress (Freud, 1993). Stress, defined by the interaction between the environment and an individual, is experienced when demands from the environment exceed available resources. Overwhelming with stress and anxiety, persons could respond in several manners according to cognitive appraisals and coping competencies (Lazarus and Folkman, 1984).